1. Backman H, Raisanen P, Hedman L, Stridsman C, Andersson M, Lindberg A, et al. Increased prevalence of allergic asthma from 1996 to 2006 and further to 2016-results from three population surveys. Clin Exp Allergy. 2017;47(11):1426-35.

  2. Global Initiative for Asthma. Global Strategy for Asthma management and Prevention, 2022. Available from 2022.

  3. Chung KF, Wenzel SE, Brozek JL, Bush A, Castro M, Sterk PJ, et al. International ERS/ATS guidelines on definition, evaluation and treatment of severe asthma. Eur Respir J. 2014;43(2):343-73.

  4. Behandlingsrekommendation: Astma hos barn och vuxna. Uppsala, Läkemedelsverket, mars 2023.

  5. Socialstyrelsen. Nationella riktlinjer för vård vid astma och KOL-Stöd för styrning och ledning, 2020. 2020.

  6. Louis R, Satia I, Ojanguren I, Schleich F, Bonini M, Tonia T, et al. European Respiratory Society Guidelines for the Diagnosis of Asthma in Adults. Eur Respir J. 2022.

  7. Polosa R, Thomson NC. Smoking and asthma: dangerous liaisons. Eur Respir J. 2013;41(3):716-26.

  8. Molimard M, Raherison C, Lignot S, Balestra A, Lamarque S, Chartier A, et al. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease exacerbation and inhaler device handling: real-life assessment of 2935 patients. Eur Respir J. 2017;49(2).

  9. SBU. Behandling av astma och KOL. En systematisk litteraturöversikt. Stockholm: Statens beredning för medicinsk utvärdering (SBU), 2000  Contract No.: ISBN 91-87890-78-X.

  10. Castro-Rodriguez JA, Rodriguez-Martinez CE, Ducharme FM. Daily inhaled corticosteroids or montelukast for preschoolers with asthma or recurrent wheezing: A systematic review. Pediatr Pulmonol. 2018;53(12):1670-7.

  11. Guilbert TW, Morgan WJ, Zeiger RS, Mauger DT, Boehmer SJ, Szefler SJ, et al. Long-term inhaled corticosteroids in preschool children at high risk for asthma. N Engl J Med. 2006;354(19):1985-97.

  12. Chauhan BF, Ducharme FM. Anti-leukotriene agents compared to inhaled corticosteroids in the management of recurrent and/or chronic asthma in adults and children. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2012;2012(5):CD002314.

  13. Chauhan BF, Ducharme FM. Addition to inhaled corticosteroids of long-acting beta2-agonists versus anti-leukotrienes for chronic asthma. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2014(1):CD003137.

  14. Vetenskapliga underlag: Astma hos barn och vuxna. Uppsala, Läkemedelsverket, mars 2023.

  15. Kim LHY, Saleh C, Whalen-Browne A, O'Byrne PM, Chu DK. Triple vs Dual Inhaler Therapy and Asthma Outcomes in Moderate to Severe Asthma: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. JAMA - Journal of the American Medical Association. 2021;325(24):2466-79.

  16. Beasley R, Braithwaite I, Semprini A, Kearns C, Weatherall M, Harrison TW, et al. ICS-formoterol reliever therapy stepwise treatment algorithm for adult asthma. Eur Respir J. 2020;55(1).

  17. Beasley R, Holliday M, Reddel HK, Braithwaite I, Ebmeier S, Hancox RJ, et al. Controlled Trial of Budesonide-Formoterol as Needed for Mild Asthma. N Engl J Med. 2019;380(21):2020-30.

  18. O'Byrne PM, FitzGerald JM, Bateman ED, Barnes PJ, Zhong N, Keen C, et al. Inhaled Combined Budesonide-Formoterol as Needed in Mild Asthma. N Engl J Med. 2018;378(20):1865-76.

  19. Manser R, Reid D, Abramson M. Corticosteroids for acute severe asthma in hospitalised patients. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2001(1):CD001740.

  20. Ohbayashi H, Adachi M. Influence of dentures on residual inhaled corticosteroids in the mouths of elderly asthma patients. Respir Investig. 2012;50(2):54-61.

  21. Produktresumé Singulair [cited 2023-02-27]. Available from: